Childhood vulnerability in numbers

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Latest data on the overall levels of vulnerability and need among children and young people in England.

Children in need

A child is defined as being in need if they are unlikely to achieve or maintain a reasonable standard of health or development without the provision of services by a local authority, the child’s health or development is likely to be significantly impaired or further impaired, without the provision of such services, or the child is disabled.

50 Statistics


  • Children in need (Gender: Male)

    Children in need
  • Children in need (Gender: Female)

    Children in need
  • Children in need (Age: 0-16+, Gender: unborn)

    Children in need
  • Children in need (Age: 0-16+, Gender: Unknown)

    Children in need
  • Children in need (Age: 0-16+, Gender: All)

    Children in need
  • 404,710

    Children in need

    Children in need
  • Children in need (2017, GOR areas)

    Children in need
  • Children in need (2018, LA areas)

    Children in need
  • Children in need

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March (Gender: Male)

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March (Gender: Female)

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March (Age: 0-16+, Gender: All)

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March (Age: 0-16+)

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March (Gender: Male)

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March (2017, GOR areas)

    Children in need
  • Children in need with primary need at assessment as abuse or neglect at 31 March (2018, LA areas)

    Children in need
  • Children in need who have a primary need at assessment of abuse or neglect

    Children in need
  • 6,210

    Children in need who have a primary need at assessment of abuse or neglect

    Children in need
  • Children ending an episode of need during the year

    Children in need
  • Children ending an episode of need during the year (2017, GOR areas)

    Children in need
  • Children ending an episode of need during the year (2018, LA areas)

    Children in need
  • Children ending an episode of need during the year

    Children in need
  • Children in need because of absent parenting

    Children in need
  • Children in need because of abuse or neglect

    Children in need
  • Children in need because they have a disability or illness

    Children in need
  • Children in need because of family dysfunction

    Children in need
  • Children in need because of acute stress in the family

    Children in need
  • Children in need because their family has a low income

    Children in need
  • Children in need for an unknown reason

    Children in need
  • Children in need for other reasons

    Children in need
  • Children in need because their parent has a disability or has an illness

    Children in need
  • Children in need because of socially unacceptable behaviour

    Children in need
  • Children starting an episode of need during the year

    Children in need
  • Children starting an episode of need during the year (2017, GOR areas)

    Children in need
  • Children starting an episode of need during the year (2018, LA areas)

    Children in need
  • Children starting an episode of need during the year

    Children in need
  • Children with an episode of need at any point during the year

    Children in need
  • Children with an episode of need at any point during the year (GOR areas)

    Children in need
  • Children with an episode of need at any point during the year (LA areas)

    Children in need
  • Children with an episode of need at any point during the year (2018)

    Children in need
  • Children with an episode of need at any point during the year (2017)

    Children in need
  • 388,420

    Number of episodes of need ending in the year (2017)

    Children in need
  • 349,130

    Number of episodes of need ending in the year (2018)

    Children in need
  • Number of episodes of need ending in the year (GOR areas)

    Children in need
  • Number of episodes of need ending in the year (LA areas)

    Children in need
  • Number of episodes of need ending in the year

    Children in need
  • Referrals which were assessed as not in need (GOR areas)

    Children in need
  • Referrals which were assessed as not in need (LA areas)

    Children in need
  • Referrals which were assessed as not in need (London Area areas)

    Children in need

Other groups in this category


  • Adopted children

    Children who are adopted from care (2017, GOR areas)
    +4 Other statistics View data
  • Children detained due to mental health

    Mental health detention episodes for children (2017)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children in care

    Children in care at the end of the year (2017, GOR areas)
    +22 Other statistics View data
  • Children in care living in other placements in the community

    3,100
    Children in care living in other placements in the community (2018)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children in care living in other residential settings

    1,360
    Children in care living in other residential settings or residential schools (2018)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children in care living with their parents

    4,700
    Children in care who live with their parents (2018)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children in foster care

    55,200
    Children in care living in foster placements (2018)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children in immigration detention

    Children being held in immigration detention centres
    +3 Other statistics View data
  • Children in secure institutions, children’s homes and semi-independent living

    8,530
    Children in care living in secure insitutions, children's homes and semi-independent living (2018)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children in secure welfare detention

    Children in secure children's homes (Gender: All)
    +5 Other statistics View data
  • Children living in secure welfare accomodation

    87
    Children living in secure children's homes due to welfare grounds (2018)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children on special guardianship orders

    25,438
    Children who are currently subject to a special guardianship order (2018)
    +5 Other statistics View data
  • Children placed for adoption

    2,230
    Children in care who have been placed for adoption (2018)
    +1 Other statistic View data
  • Children who are subject to a child protection plan

    Children who were the the subject of a child protection plan at the end of the year
    +9 Other statistics View data
  • Children with special education need statements or Education Health and Care plans

    Children with statements or Education, Health and Care Plans
    +5 Other statistics View data
  • Former relevant or qualifying children

    Children in care for over 13 weeks between 14 and 16 years old (Gender: All)
    +5 Other statistics View data
  • Young offenders

    891
    Number of children in the secure estate (Gender: All, Area: England)
    +6 Other statistics View data