Latest data on the overall levels of vulnerability and need among children and young people in England.
There is not one way to define low-income families. Absolute poverty refers to households with income below 60 per cent of the median. Persistent poverty refers to households that have been in relative poverty for three years during the last four.
Material deprivation and severe low income refers to households with income below 70% of the median and unable to afford particular goods and activities.